The catch, however, is that the new laws apply only to people physically present in the individual states.
“If you are flying to Vegas you are not necessarily doing so with the aim of being able to fire up your laptop and gamble,” said ITG casino analyst Matthew Jacob, pointing out that most people go to Vegas for its casinos. “But they are always short lived.”
States hit hard by the financial crisis, and by the increasing costs of retirement and healthcare benefits, are still struggling to plug big budget holes, and many expanded gaming as they looked in every corner for new sources of revenue.
Such pacts would come in addition to relationships many casinos have with overseas online gaming companies. Without a wide range of active games, states could lose business to the unregulated offshore sites that dominate the market currently.
A partnership with New Jersey, which has more than three times as many residents, would boost the pool of potential players dramatically. government has long considered online wagering illegal, but the Department of Justice in late 2011 clarified its stance, paving the way for states to unilaterally legalize some forms of online gambling.
New Jersey is now the third state to approve online gambling, after Nevada and Delaware. Party Digital Entertainment, the world’s largest listed online gaming group, has a joint venture with MGM and Boyd Gaming.
By Deena Beasley and Nichola Groom
A state’s population is a key factor for the new gaming programs. Nevada’s law legalized only online poker, while New Jersey’s allows for a broad array of games, including online slots, blackjack and other table games.
“I would be shocked if within a few years there aren’t multiple states cooperating,” said Tom Goldstein, an attorney who has represented online gaming companies. For instance, technology that allows states to detect where a person is playing online — so that someone in New York can’t access New Jersey’s online gaming system, for instance, is not totally foolproof. Gibraltar-based Bwin. A 2012 analysis by Stateline, a project of the Pew Center on the States, found that of the 13 states that had legalized casinos, casinos at racetracks or lotteries in the previous decade, more than two-thirds “failed to live up to the initial promises of projections made by political and industry champions of legalized gambling.”
At the same time, Durbin said it will take time to find common ground. With just 2.7 million residents, Nevada could have trouble attracting enough in-state players to its online poker games to offer a range of limits, or the minimum and maximum amounts a player can wager on one bet. Now comes the hard part: banding together with other states to attract more gamblers, drive up jackpots and lure players away from offshore websites.
While it may be hard for states to not make a run for the money, historic trends show revenue spikes from gambling are anything but a steady stream. Once that happens, Goldstein expects a “steamroller effect where a state legislature says ‘Why are we passing up on tens of millions of tax revenue every year?”
“If individual jurisdictions go about setting up their own individual processes without the industry as a whole looking at it together, it’s going to be a very difficult thing to do,” said Craig Durbin, committee chair for the lottery subcommittee of the National Association of Gaming Regulators.
The U.S. “New Jersey is bigger, but the opportunity comes when a number of states are up and operators can span across those states.”
According to American Gaming Association, about 85 countries have legalized online gambling, and an estimated $35 billion is bet online worldwide each year, including millions of people in the United States through offshore websites. Rival company 888 Holdings is partnered with Caesars Entertainment, while Wynn Resorts is partnered with PokerStars.. States received an estimated $7.5 billion in direct gaming revenue in 2011 on a fiscal year basis through licensing fees, taxes and other allocations, according to Fitch Ratings.
“Revenues generated through online gaming will hike in the beginning,” said Lucy Dadayan, a senior policy analyst at the Rockefeller Institute of Government in Albany, New York. Nevada will keep 6.75 percent of the dollars won from online poker players. If they want to offer the big jackpots that attract scores of players, they are likely to look outside their borders to combine gaming offerings and set regulations, much as they have with multi-state lottery drawings like Powerball and Mega Millions.
(Additional reporting by Hilary Russ; editing by Edward Tobin and Andrew Hay)
“We are encouraged to know that states are talking to one another. Every state except Hawaii and Utah collects some kind of revenue from lotteries, casinos or other types of wagering. They are crafting their own legislation and legal frameworks but are talking with other states in anticipation of compacting with multiple states,” said MGM CEO Jim Murren.
Las Vegas-based MGM Resorts International told Reuters in October that several states were already in talks about how to link interactive gaming plans.
New Jersey will take 15 percent of the amount won by online casinos from players within its borders. If more states sign up for online gaming and form a large, multi-state system, the numbers of players could soar — and so will tax revenues.
Cooperation would also help states regulate the market by sharing resources for identifying where gamblers are located and guarding against under-age gambling, stolen identities and credit card fraud.
“There’s going to be intense competition for customers,” Michael Paladino, a Fitch Ratings senior director, said.
(Reuters) – New Jersey Governor Chris Christie this week finally approved online gaming in the Garden State. More stringent geolocation options could “put limitations on growth, or on the ability to create revenue,” Durbin said.
Several other states, including Massachusetts, California, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa and Mississippi, are weighing some kind of online gambling legislation
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