Golf Terminology – Glossary of Golf Terms

These are a regular feature of links-category of golf courses.

Teeing Ground: The spot from where the golfers start playing for a hole, from where a golfer hits his tee shot or drive.

Thirty-Two: A side bet for the golfers focusing on putting, with a challenge from a golfer to another for preventing a three-putt is called thirty two.

Mid Mashie: It is the bygone era golf club counterpart of modern-day 3-irons.

Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. After you are done reading this, you will never be left wondering on the golf course.

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Birdie: Birdie is a score on an individual hole which is one stroke below par.

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Flex: Flex is the rating of the ability of shaft to bend while the golf club is being swung.

Spring-Like Effect: This is an expression describing what is the subject of measurement in connection with coefficient of restitution.

Bramble: Again, a golf format, it involves golfers teeing off and ultimately the best of the shot or drive is selected.

Texas Wedge: When a putter is used to putt off, from the green, it is called a Texas Wedge. Crowned green slopes down from its middle to its edges.

Quit: In this shot, the golfer does not follow through totally with momentum, instead there is de-acceleration through impact.

Mashie Niblick: It is a vintage or archaic term for a 7-iron- a type of golf club.

Flags: In flags, which is a competition format, golfers start their round with a certain number of strokes and then until they consume their strokes, they keep on playing.

Callaway System: A kind of golf format, Callaway system is used in events where in maximum golfers do not have real handicap indexes. At each hole, a golfer is competing with the other two.

Yips: When the golfer is nervous or anxious, it leads to nervous twitching during putting stroke, leading to an inaccurate shot. So the name odds and evens.

Snowman: A score of 8 on any given individual cup is called snowman in slang because the figure of the digit is similar to the structure of a snowman.

Golf Town: Golf town is a golf term which is used to describe retail outlets or cities which are very much into golf. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Course Management: The golfer’s decision-making during a round of golf is called course management.

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Crisscross: This serves as either a tournament format or a betting game. Hooding the club has two different meaning for different golfers. Even if there is no water, let’s say in a seasonal creek and the ball is dry, it is considered to be a water hazard.

Crown: The top surface of the clubhead, the part you can see when looking down at address, called the crown.

Irish Four Ball: Very well-known in Australia, Irish Four Ball has a team of golfers who play their ball throughout and use a Stableford or a Modified Stableford scoring system.

Q School: It is the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) Tour’s yearly qualifying tournament.

Here are the A to Z of terms used in the game of golf. That is called arnie.

Adjusted Gross Score: It is basically a golfer’s stroke round up, or total, with regards to a single round, after being counted for the optimum per-hole scores, as permitted by the United States Golf Association’s Equitable Stroke Control Guidelines.

Pick Up Sticks: Bag Raid, which is another name for pick up sticks is a game contested by two players. Las Vegas is a betting game played amongst two teams having two members each. This basically means that a player is hitting the ball all over the park, in different direction.

Las Vegas: No confusions here, this is not what you thought it is (were you thinking about casinos by any chance?). Then, out of them, the best is selected and the players carry on until the ball is holed.

Alternate Greens: Just like alternate fairway, when a golf hole has two separate greens, it is termed as alternate greens.

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No Alibis: This refers to a game of mulligans, which can be used from any spot or point on the golf course.

Fairways & Greens: For groups of golfers who have similar handicaps, this is considered to be the best betting game.

Golf Club: It has the same meanings as club.

Crowned Green: A green which has center higher than its sides, is called the crowned green. Here the players have tee off and the best out of them is selected. Frog Hair is a slang term for fringe.

Stroke Play: It is a round of golf where the score is calculated by addition of cumulative total of the strokes which were needed throughout that round.

Fat (or Fat Shot): A shot where the golfer’s club strikes the ground first and then makes contact with the ball is called Fat or Fat Shot.

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Away: The player whose ball is the farthest from the hole whether in a fairway or a green is called being ‘away’. Here, every time, a hole is won by a player, the opponent has the chance to opt for a single club form his bag, which will lead to the elimination of that club from the course of play.

X-Out: In golfing terminology, X-outs or X-out golf balls are those golf balls on which the brand name has been distorted, using the symbol X. Here the team handicap plays an important role.

Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Money Ball: Money Ball is another term for Lone Ranger.

Bowmaker: A golf tournament format, popular in the United Kingdom, bowmaker involves team members playing their own balls and a specific number of the members of the team score count on every hole.

Best Ball: This is one of the most popular golf tournament formats, where the low score or the best hit of a team is considered to be its team score. This prevents the chance for a golfer to putt out of the bunker. His job is to achieve the lowest score as possible on the hole, while the others will try to beat him.

Demo Day: An event usually held at a driving range or a practice facility, where the golfers present get the chance to have a go at golf clubs. It is also sometimes called ‘Acey Ducey’. The thumb of the lead hand ideally in this situation should fit snugly in the lifeline of the hand placed lower on the club. Vardon Overlap is interchangeably used with Vardon Grip.

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Barkie: This is a side bet won by a golfer making par on a hole where he has hit a tree.

LPGA: Established in 1950, Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an organization which promotes women in professional golf.

Gimmie: A kind of putt, where a player a requests that it be conceded by another player, which then allows the one requesting for that to pick up and move on, as if the putt has been holed.

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Equitable Stroke Control: Equitable Stroke Control or ESC is a method for minimizing the effects of disaster holes on handicap indexes and this system is used by the USGA.

Open Face: The position of the clubface in connection with the target line at the moment of the striking of the ball is called an open face.

Spoon: This is an antique term for lofted wood or 3-wood golf club.

Primary Rough: The most dense, the highest and most dangerous rough for a golfer is the primary rough.

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Snake: A betting game which sort of spells doom for that member of the foursome, who has 3-putts just lately.

Touch: The feel or the sensitivity towards golf shots and the overall flow of a golfer’s stroke play.

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Canadian Foursomes: A variation of the original Foursomes, Canadian foursomes is played amongst 2-player teams where players from a single team tee off and the best of the 2 are selected.

Par 3 Course: A course which just has par 3 holes and nothing else is a Par 3 course.

Wolfman: This is a betting game, akin to a few others like Hog, Defender and so on. Golfers in this format are awarded points depending on their performance on each hole with the winner being the one having highest point total. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Bail-Out Area: An area designed or meant for serving as the target for shorter or weaker players during the playing of risky shot by stronger players is called bail out area.

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Shamble: A golf tournament which brings together aspects of scramble tournament format and strokeplay is called shamble.

Collection Area: This is a depression on the side of the green and its position, often merged with the contours of the green leads to the collection of many approach shots.

Alternate Tees: A golf hole is said to have alternate tees when there are two different sets of tee boxes built on that same hole.

Blast: A kind of shot which results in lot of sand flying, along with the ball out of the bunker of a sand trap is called a blast. Flange is the thin strip of metal sitting along the ground.

Grip: The sheath of leather, plastic or rubber on the shaft is termed as grip.

Range Ball: Those balls which are used only on driving range, marked to distinguish them from the regular balls are called range balls.

Three Ball: Three Ball means that each player has two matches to play in a round of golf. The lower the handicap, the better a golfer. Each golfer is allowed to use only a single golf club.

Baffie: It is the name of a wooden shafted pre-20th century golf club.

KP: Well, there is no reason why closest to the pin is abbreviated as KP, but is just that.

Florida Scramble: It is a variation of the original golf format scramble, where a player from each team sits out each shot.

Sand Trap: A bunker filled with sand is called a sand trap in vernacular.

Whiff: Any golfer would be embarrassed with a whiff, which means that the golfer swung but to no avail. Or sometimes it is so close to the ground that it appears that it has skimmed the ground.

Lateral Water Hazard: It is impossible to drop behind this hazard because it runs alongside the playing area ad not across it. It is the distance from the bottom of the grip till the clubhead of the putter.

Bentgrass: This is the favored grass choice in any climate in which it can be grown.

Stimp: When you say the stimp of the green, it refers to the measurement of how fast the greens are, with the help of a stimpmeter.

Jack and Jill: This a type of golf tournament where one woman and one man are paired together to form a two person team.

Jail: It is the position of the ball where it cannot be struck or advanced. This format permits golfers without handicap index to participate in golf tournament and contest to win low net prizes or titles.

Four-Man Cha-Cha-Cha: Four Man cha-cha-cha is a golf tournament format where every member of a team plays his or her golf ball all the way.

Break: The allusion to the amount the path of the ball curves when putt or, the level of curvature or slope of the greens is called ‘Break’.

Switch: Switch as a tournament format has 2-person teams where the players switch balls after the tee shots. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Backswing: The beginning of the swing as the club moves away from the target.

Clubface: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

Duffer: Simply put, duffer means a bad golfer.

Cart Fee: Cart fee is the amount of fee paid by golfers to use the golf cart, charged by the golf course.

Torque: The resistance of a shaft towards twisting when a golf club is being swung is the torque.

Defender: Betting Game or points game in which a member of the group for each hole is labeled as the defender of that hole. In this format, the tombstone term signifies the object placed in the ground on the spot where the golfer’s round comes to an end.

Through the Green: Every area of the golf course with the exception of teeing grounds, hazards and greens. A-wedge is another name for gap wedge or approach wedge.

Pitch Mark: This is the same as ball mark.

Double Eagle: A score of three under par on any individual hole is called a double eagle in golf terminology.

Fringe: A closely mowed area surrounding the green and just off the putting surface is called the fringe. They are called counterparts on account of their loft and the purpose of swing they serve.

Par or Out: A game where full handicaps are used involving golfers with low handicap is a par out. For instance, if a golfer scores one double bogey after playing well, he or she loses all the points and has to start all over again.

Rough: The areas marshaling the boundaries of the fairways featuring thick and high grass or natural, unkempt vegetation is called the rough.

T and F: If it is a T and F tournament, the T and F denote the first letters of the holes on the course. T and F are of special importance in this kind of a tournament.

Tap In: Tap is another name for ‘gimme’, which refers to a sure shot short putt.

Blind Bogey: Blind Bogey is type of tournament format, where most commonly golfers are required to play 18 holes of stroke play.

Stop the Bleeding: If a player is playing in a pathetic manner with bad shots going all over the park, the golfer needs to hit a fantastic shot to get a grip on the game again. It also includes all the trees for that particular hole.

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Flight: It is a term which is used for division of golfer’s during a golf tournament. Either it is a just-one-time bet while a round is going on or it could be an ongoing bet which will continue all throughout a round.

Chapman System: Named after Dick Chapman, a great amateur golfer, this is basically a golf tournament format. Starting off with 36 holes, the players then compare their scorecards. Here the ball is struck and is played back into the player’s stance.

Biarritz: When a green has a deep gully cutting or dividing its middle, it is called a biaritz or biaritz green.

Routing: It refers to the path followed by a golf course from the 1 st tee to its final green.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Heel: The spot where the clubhead is attached to the spot, it is called the heel.

Net/Net Score: A player’s gross score after the consideration of the respective golf course handicap is called net score.

Offset: The distance from extreme front of the hosel to the extreme front part of the clubhead is the offset.

Hole: In very easy terms, hole is where the golfers aim to putt the golf ball. The male scratch golfer hits his tee shots an average of 250 yards and can reach a 470-yard hole in two shots. The term signature hole means that there is one hole which is most photogenic and pleasing on the course as decided by the golf course management.

Skull or Skulled Shot: To skull the ball means to have the impact of the ball with the leading edge of the iron. Another meaning of Sandie means in a couple of strokes, a player gets out of the bunker in the hole. It is named after a renowned golf club designer, Ralph Maltby.

Maraging Steel: It is a type of steel alloy, (harder than normal steel) which is sometimes used to make irons.

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Slope Rating: The difficulty of a course for bogey golfers ranging from 55 to 155, in relation to the USGA course rating, is termed as golf slope rating.

Five of Clubs: It is a format of a golf tournament, where each golfer is allowed to use just 5 golf clubs.

Sixes: This another name for Round Robin, a game for groups of four golfers. It can have pebbles, rocks, shells and vegetation on it.

Eagle: When there is a score of a couple of strokes less to par on any individual hole, it is an eagle.

Eclectic: This is a multi-round golf tournament that ends up with one 18-hole score for each player.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. It works thus- after finishing a round, identify the 3 highest individual hole scores and then eliminate them. Here, points are given for an accomplishment out of five and in case a side sweeps all the points, they are said to have scored umbrella, with points being doubled.

TPC: Tournament Players Club- (TPC) is a designation given to golf courses and courses with this designation are under the ownership of the PGA tour.

Pitching Wedge: This refers to a lofted short iron, which in the order of golf clubs comes after 9-iron.

Belly Putter: This is a type of putter which has a longer shaft as compared to conventional putter.

System 36: This is a single day handicapping method or rather system, resembling in character and operation to Callaway and Peoria. Basically it is the name of a golf tournament, rather a tournament within a tournament.

Wormburner: This is a kind of shot which is unintentional and it just grazes the ground, it has such low trajectory. But in quota, the players begin with points matching their handicap.

Ball Marker: This object is used to mark the spot where the ball is lifted on the putting green.

Invitational: Here, the golfers who are going to compete, be there on an invitation issued to them or they are automatically qualified for an invitation.

Golf Buggy: This is the same as Buggy.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. Like a golfer can say to another- ‘Your ball is on the dancing floor’.

Albatross: Three under par on any hole is called a double eagle in the USA. But this condition exists under local rule only.

Medal Play: A round of golf where the score is based on the number of strokes counted is called a medal play.

Swingweight: This refers to the feel of the weight of a club when it is being swung.

Overall Weight: This, also called dead weight, refers to the total weight of the golf club.

Punchbowl Green: A green below is fairway level surrounded by a mound, leading the golf balls to be funneled down to the putting surface is called punch bowl green.

Handicap Index: A numeral, to one decimal place, representing a golfer’s ability to score is called a handicap index.

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Dots: It is a well-known game of golf played between members of the same grouping. The proper way to decide the hitting order has been prescribed in the rules of golf and golf etiquette. Disaster is another name for Trouble.

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Interlock or Interlocking Grip: This is a kind of golf grip where hands are locked together by locking or intertwining the little finger of the trailing hand with index finger of the top hand.

In the Bucket: Another name for Eliminator, it is a kind of best ball competition where in every fourth hole, one player’s score must count as the team score. Then add the remaining and the person who has the lowest score is the winner.

Bingo Bango Bongo: This is one of the very common formats of the game and is a point based game. But advice which could prohibit other player’s choices is not allowed unless he or she is your partner.

Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Skins/Skins Game: This stages players in a kind of match play where each hole is allotted a set value. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

Country Club: Country club refers to a social and recreational facility, either private or semi private and has a golf course most of the time.

Chip or Chip Shot: Chip shot is played very close to the green and is normally within a few yards of the putting area. For a left-handed golfer, it will be the opposite.

Lunch Ball: When a golfer has not struck the ball according to his satisfaction and has not got the intended result, he or she takes a second attempt. A stymie was supposed to occur in a condition when another ball was placed straight in the putting line of a golfer’s ball.

Winter Rules: This is nothing but synonym for preferred lies.

Irons: One of the 3 subsets (woods, iron and putter) included in a full golf set, irons are clubs which are most used from the spot of the fairway. It is basically par 3.

Whack and Hack: Whack and Hack is a four-person teams’ tournament format. This is also a betting game for groups of four.

Unplayable Lie: This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

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Red, White and Blue Tournament: This name of a golf tournament format makes an allusion to the color of tee markers. The golfer’s job is done post this situation.

Rub of the Green: In case a ball is stopped or deflected incidentally an outside factor like a caddie or the likes, it is termed as the rub of the green. Amongst the common golf terms, ace is real music for the ears for a golfer.

Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left-hander.

Unplayable Lie:This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

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Fairway: An area that usually runs between the tee box and green of a golf hole which is closely mowed. What’s more, this golfing term was popularized by none other Ben Hogan.

Obstacle Stroke Value: The numerical representation of the gravity and playing ability of obstacles and hazards on a golf course, which is a crucial factor in USGA course and slope rating numbers is called obstacle stroke value.

Odds and Evens: Akin to the golf format Alternate Shot, this format has one player hitting shots on holes which are even and the other on odd holes. It also extends to a fair amount of space on both sides of the expected path and does not extend beyond the hole. On the other hand, some golfers and golf instructors consider shutting the club face as hooding.

Knockdown: A shot played mostly to control trajectory, spin and distance, but which is short of a full swing.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. That means, he swung and it missed the ball. This is followed by exchanging of balls and then each of the player takes his second shot at the spot where their contrasting respective ball lies.

Hit It Flush: This is as same as Flush.

Army Golf: Army golf is a slang amongst the golf terms. Albatross is the common British golf term for double eagle.

­The putting green beckons, you call your caddie, and off you go to tee for a par. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. It also is a betting game. A golfer winning the hole is referred to as having won the skin and the value of that skin.

English: A betting game or a score-oriented competition played between groups of 3.

Ground Under Repair: This means exactly what it implies to be, that the ground is under repair by the maintenance crew.

Threesomes: This might seem unfair, but this is a golf match where one golfer is pitted against a team of two and each side plays a single ball.

Leading Edge: When you look at the golf club, the edge at the immediate front, which leads in a swing is called a leading edge.

Mouth Wedge: The golfers who incessantly talk to their opponents in order to disturb their game are termed as using a mouth wedge.

Captain’s Choice: This is just another name for golf tournament format called scramble.

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False Front: The part of the green which slopes downwards in the direction of the fairway is called the false front. This is for a right-handed golfer.

Splashies: This is a side bet which a golfer wins on accomplishing a par on hole even though he has hit it into water.

Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left hander.

Uneven Lie: When the ball is on an uneven slope and it is either above the feet or below it, it is called an uneven lie.

Finishing Hole: It is the last hole a golfer will play in a round of golf.

Scotch Foursomes: Most of the time, Scotch Foursomes is just a synonym for Foursomes. That’s why probably it is a lateral water hazard.

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Hate ‘Em: These are ‘problem holes’, which are hated by golfers and that’s why it is called hate them. Sometimes in abbreviated form, a municipal course is called Muni.

Inside Path: When inside the plane, the corresponding path of the club is referred to as inside path.

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Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

Bite: When a golfer wants a ball in flight to hit the green and stop, he or she is often heard as shouting ‘bite’.

Condor: An extremely rare triple eagle is called a Condor.

Cut Shot: A kind of controlled golf shot where a fadeball flight is induced by the golfer.

Honest John: This in golf terms refers to a side bet which puts at stake your prediction powers. That is the line of putt. A flight or a division comprises golfers with more or less similar golf skills. According to the USGA, a scratch golfer is defined as – “An amateur player who plays to the standard of the stroke play qualifiers competing in the United States Amateur Championship. It’s basically a long pole with a scoop.

Slice: Here, interestingly, the ball curves similar to the shape of a banana. Am-Am simply means a game where there is a pair of a couple of amateurs- Am-Am, with ‘Am’ meaning short for amateur.

Striping: Striping is nothing but the crisscross pattern of the blades of grass which are mowed in different directions by the course mowers.

Flatstick: It is a slang for putter as putter faces are supposed to be flat compared to other golf clubs.

No Putts: No putts is a tournament format where the winner is decided by all strokes except for the putts.

Shotgun Start: This is one of the methods to start off a tournament where all the players tee off at the same time. In other words, that one player plays against the other 3.

Square Club Face: When you say it is a square clubface, it means that the club face is in a position perpendicular to the swing path.

Spade Mashie: A pre-20th century golf club, this is closely linked to today’s 6-irons.

Pin High: The term describing the depth to which a golfer has placed his approach shot on the green is called pin high.

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Brassie: Brassie is the closest twentieth century counterpart to modern-day 2-woods.

Nicklauses: Nicklauses is a side bet in which the long drive on each hole wons automatically, but the drive must be in the fairway.

Overswing: This refers to a swing so hard that it affects the result in a negative manner.

Waste Bunker: Not a hazard under rules of golf, unless specified, a waste bunker refers to a sandy area, normally expansive. It is generally in squares and rolls.

Amateur status: Amateur status simply means that the player is a rookie and is yet to be a professional. This is a spot on the green where a flagstick can be seen and the turf has been chipped off to prepare that hole or cup.

Stealies: A type of golf bet, running parallel to the closest to the pin (kp) bet.

Movable Obstruction: An obstruction which can be moved without a herculean effort, sans delaying the play unnecessarily or leading to a damage is called a movable obstruction.

Putt for Dough: This is a points game which can be played within a foursome or it also refers to a side bet for a group of golfers.

Yellowsomes: Gruesomes is also called Yellowsomes sometimes, and it is 2-person team game which serves as a tournament format as well as a betting game.

Hogan’s Alley: A nickname of two golf courses, accompanied by the official name of one of those golf holes associated with Ben Hogan. It is the exact and perfect contact between the club head and the golf ball, while the club is in full swing. It is a one-day handicapping system.

Flange: This refers to a part of a clubhead jutting out from the rear. He also responds to a golfer’s queries.

Long Iron: These are long-shafted, steep-faced normally numbering from 1 to 4 long distance irons.

Abnormal Ground Conditions: Abnormal ground conditions include ground under repair, casual water, holes made by burrowing animals and so on. The ball is then played from the spot it is according to the best shot. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. In case these conditions are having a negative impact on the ball, a player is entitled to relief.

Above the Hole: To describe the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup, or hole, when the ball is on the green, the golf phrase ‘above the hole’ is used.

Lay Up: When a golfer opts to go for a shorter hit, to avoid a hazard or position the ball in a specific spot in spite of having the skill and capacity to hit full swing, it is a lay up.

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Scratch Golfer: A scratch golfer is the one who shoots par or better. He indulges in inflation of his handicap index to enhance his possibilities of winning the bets or tournaments.

Sandie (Sandy): Making par on a hole where you were in a bunker refers to Sandie. Those putting greens with a lot of contour are called Contoured Greens.

Ball Flight: It refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid-air.

Seve: A golfer wins a seve, which is a side bet, only after he accomplishes par by hitting into the incorrect fairway. With an amateur status, a player cannot get paid to endorse a product, does not accept appearance fees and does not accept prize money for being a part of a tournament.

Selected Score: This is a game of golf or very commonly a bet played over golf holes counting to 36. Here both the teams tee off and then the best drive is chosen, followed by alternate shot to the hole.

Undulation: The ups and downs and uneven contour in the ground, mainly with regards to putting green and fairways is called undulation.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. It is used to refer to putts barely making it to the hole, but eventually they do end up the golf ball in the hole.

Hacker: Hacker is another name for duffer, although, hacker applies to an individual golfer as an insult. It is the easiest golf bets and is all about how well do you know the game.

Frequency Matching: The process whereby it is ensured that the shaft vibrations of all clubs in a particular set, when struck, match in frequency, is called frequency matching.

Approach Course: A golf course having short holes, may be a par 3 distance or shorter and falling short on designated teeing areas is called approach course.

Gross (Gross Score): It is the total number of strokes played in around of golf including penalty strokes.

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Green in Regulation (GIR): Amateurs and recreational players use this statistical method for rating their rounds.

Greensomes: It is basically a 2-person game, a variation of scramble, where the players scramble off the tee.

Provisional Ball: In the circumstances where a golfer believes his or her first ball may be lost or out-of-bounds, the golfer can play another ball, which is the provisional ball.

Nines: This is a points based competition played amongst players in group of fours. The player who is labeled as the wolf opts if hole 1 against 3 can be played. The value of ‘nasties’ is decided before the commencement of the round.

Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Hosel Rocket: A slang term for shank, hosel rocket is a kind of shot where the hosel is the point of contact between the golf ball and the golf club.

Amen Corner: The mecca of golf lovers and golf players- Augusta National Golf Club has holes 11, 12 and 13. The high score is the deuce here and the person staking it loses an amount of money to other three.

Quacker: A shot curving abruptly and sharply from right to left with regards to a right-handed golfer. It is also called the Mulligan.

Derby: It is a tournament having a field of 19 players and is better known as Shoot Out.

Sandbagger: Normally any golfer who tends to pretend how worse he is at golf (which he or she is actually not) and misleads others is called a sandbagger. The soil on the greens which has been compacted by the traffic of golfers, is opened up by punching of holes and removal of dirt.

Ready Golf: This without any complexities, means when you are ready, hit. Well. A great ball striker is a golfer who is excellent at full swing.

Green Fee: It is the amount a golf club charges to play on its golf course.

Moment of Inertia: The golfing terminology used to describe a clubhead’s resistance towards twisting when the ball is hit.

Fore: It is a warning call yelled by a golfer in case he or she hits an erratic shot, which could possibly land dangerously close to another player or a group of players.

Honey Pot: If you do not this amongst the plethora of golf terms and definitions, you might just think of quitting the game. Such a player usually bets getting up and down in a couple of strokes.

Cut: Cut in relation to golf means a shot which is a controlled fade or reduction of a field where a tournament is going to be played.

Mulligan: Mulligan is nothing but a lunch ball with a different name. When on the tee, it is honors and if it is otherwise, its away.

Pop: A handicap stroke is called Pop sometimes.

Attack Wedge: Attack Wedge is the same as gap wedge or approach wedge. In reverse scramble it is the opposite, the worst of the tee balls is chosen.

Transition: The condition where a backswing is converted into a downswing, it is called Transition.

Foursomes: This is another name for alternate shot.

Bail Out: Bail out is playing your ball away from a potential hazard to a safe area

Tombstone: Tombstone is better known by the name of Flags, a tournament format. For cricketers, this is something close to the phrase ‘middle of the bat’.

Pitch or Pitch Shot: When a shot is played using a highly lofted club, which is precisely made in a way that it goes a short distance with a high trajectory, it is termed as pitch shot.

Buggy: It helps carry a golfer’s bag of clubs around the course or it is also referred to as a passenger golf cart. The pattern and shape of these dimples affects the flight of the ball.

S

Snap Hook: This is another name for quacker.

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Ballstriking: Ball striking means the full swing abilities of a golfer. Maltby Playability Factor: This is a rating system attempting to rank golf clubs on the criteria that how easy or difficult they are for differently skilled golfers to play. It is a target for majority of golfers on all holes except par 3s.

Pot (hole) Bunker: This is a type of bunker which is small, but is very deep and has steep faces and is round. For instance, ‘Kick Left’ or ‘Kick Right’.

Kickpoint: A point or spot along the length of the shaft, where it presents the maximum amount of bend when you pull the tip down. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

A

Short Side: This makes a reference to the position of the ball in connection to the location or placement of the cup on the green. It is positioned so to face a player making an attempt to play out of the bunker onto the green or towards it.

Handicap: It is the numerical representation of a golfer’s skill and ability. A golfer is allowed to use putter along with the three chosen golf clubs, but no golf clubs.

Heather: This is an all-inclusive golf terminology for tall and thin grasses skirting the primary rough.

Below the Hole: Once the ball is on the green, below the hole describes the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup or hole.

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Weekend Hacker: Hacker is a bad golfer and add weekend to it, means weekend hacker, that is a golfer who plays just on weekends, which means he or she does not play or practice enough to increase the level of their game.

Carry: This refers to clearing off an obstacle off the golf course.

Grass Club: It is the ‘by-gone era’ counterpart of the driver.

Track: The layout or the way the holes on the course are routed is called track. It also involves pushing a putt to a direction or jerking the putt to a side.

Niblick: This is again an archaic golf terminology, denoting a 9-iron. There are essentially three players in this game. In case the golfer has club using different colors, or gets more than 3 tee boxes, the golfer can consider it as Forward, Middle and Back Tournament.

Closest to the Pin: This contest is a regular and default contest when it comes to charity golf tournaments and events, corporate outings and amateur golf tournaments.

Trampoline Effect: This denotes the condition where a club’s face contributes force to the shot by bouncing back.

Low Putts: It is a popular side bet in addition to being a tournament format. Dick Chapman, one of the great amateur golfers, thought of this format at Pinehurst Resort, so the name.

Arnies: When a golfer makes a par on a hole sans being in the fairway, he wins a side bet. This is also a side bet in a competition of Three Ball.

Ball Retriever: It is a tool, which is by default carried by players who hit their ball in the water a lot of times. Here, the low score is the ace and the person who wins it, gets a particular amount from the other three players. In the rule book it is flagstick, but with amateurs, flagstick is better known as pin.

Putter: A club which has a slight face or very little loft, is called a putter. They specialize in great golf clubs, and their components.

Approach: A shot in the golf green from the fairway is referred to as approach.

Underclub: When such a club is used which is incapable of providing adequate distance for reaching the target, it is called underclub.

Three-Putt Poker: It is a betting game, combining an aspect of poker with the performance of a golfer on the greens.

Stadium Course: Stadium golf course or stadium course is a golf course built with one of its aims being to give golf fans great vantage points. But if there are bad shots or the likes, the points are cut. Losses and wins add up very fast in this game so those whose pockets are full, prefer this betting game .

Mashie Iron: Mashie Iron is an archaic phrase or golf word for a 4-iron.

Double Green: A green big enough that it serves as green for two different cups on the golf course.

Chunk: This is a kind of shot where the golf club hits the ground before it hits the ball which leads to digging into the turf and it produces a big pit.

String It Out: A tournament format or a betting game, string is best suited when the players have partial handicaps. This is because the points are given on the basis of their scores in linkage with a fixed score at each hole.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. It is also a side bet.

X: When a score cannot be determined, because a play on the hole was not finished, it is called X.

X-Factor: The variation in the amount of the rotation between hips and shoulders is called the X-factor. This leads to low and sometimes slicing shot, which could travel a long distance.

Polee: Polee refers to a sidebet with different meanings. However, this is different from the set of points than the rule book norms.

Golf Cart: This is a gas or electrically powered vehicle used to transport golfers and their golf bags on the golf course. In a scotch foursome, it might mean that the alternate shots are considered and carried over from a hole to another.

Ball Mark: Also called the pitch mark, ball mark is the indentation made by a ball upon landing on the green.

Play Club: The vintage counterpart of the modern-day driver is the play club. It is especially meant for groups of three players and the targeted player is selected on the basis of the driving performance.

Ace: When a ‘hole in one ‘ is scored, or a player has scored 1 on any hole, it is an ‘Ace’. Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Course Rating: Course rating is the evaluation of the difficulty level of the course for scratch golfers.

Flagstick: This is a stick having a flag and is used to mark the location of a hole.

Y

Forced Carry: A situation which needs a golfer to hit his shot above a hazard to advance his ball is a forced carry.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. The bet is on the possibility that a competitor will three-putt a green.

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Mashie: A pre 20th century golf club, with a wooden shaft closely similar to the contemporary 5-iron is a Mashie.

Cup: Simply put, it is a synonym for a hole on the putting green, where the golfer aims his ball at.

Stance: Stance is the way the golfers stand or position their feet before they play a stroke.

Taylor Made Golf: This is the world’s most popular and one of the foremost manufacturers of golf equipment. Evaluation of golf courses for USGA course rating and slope rating depends on this factor considerably.

Am-Am: Well, this is for the new or upcoming kids on the block. This is system basically for tournaments.

Pin: This is a synonym for flagstick. It is primarily a wooden-shafted historical golf club.

Nearest Point of Relief: In the condition where there is an hurdle as a result of an immovable obstruction or abnormal ground conditions, the golfers are permitted to drop without penalty a distance equivalent to a club length of the nearest point of relief.

Tiger Tees: Tee boxes which are used in professional competitions are called tiger tees in slang terms.

Upright: A steep or a very upright, vertical swing plane, lie angle or stance is referred to as upright.

Foot Wedge: When a golfer cheats his way out of trouble using a club, it is in slang called foot wedge. Dimples are indentations covering a golf ball. The aim in Rabbit is to get the lowest possible score on a hole and the player then gets the honor post 9th and 18th holes.

Rainmaker: It means to strike a pop up or skying the ball.

Face Angle: Face angle is the angle of the face of the club head in relation to the target.

Facing: When there is a grassy incline, coming up out of the bunker in the green’s direction. Well, that’s the magic of the game-The Game of Golf.

There are innumerable terms and phrases included in golf jargon, which everyone from Tiger Woods to Phil Mickelson to Jyoti Randhawa to any amateur golfer needs to know.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. Although the purists prefer bunker, some also call it trap.

Step Aside Scramble: Florida scramble is also known as step aside. Interestingly, these are sold at a rate with a huge discount than the regular price of that brand.

Play Through: When a faster group of players is given the permission to pass a slower group of players on golf course, it is called play through.

Knee Knocker: Knee Knocker refers to a short putt, which somehow, is not at all challenging, but it is also not a ‘Gimme’ at the same time. This is a general understanding of the term, but it is also used as to refer to a game opposite of No Alibis.

Skyball: This is a mishit where the driver makes a contact with the teed ball on its crown or at the extreme top of its face. Front Nine is also referred to as Front Side.

Out-of-Bounds: The areas outside a golf course from where no one is permitted to play is termed as out of bound in the glossary of golf terms.

Gorse: British links courses are often lined with this thick rough, often prickly and similar to shrubbery called Gorse.

Open: As opposed to Invitational, this is a tournament where participants are not restricted to those who have not been invited.

Looping: The way the caddies use the word loop, to give a description of their circuit around a golf course is called looping.

Shoot Out: It is a tournament format which fields 19 players who are eliminated one by one at each hole, till there is one remaining.

Dimple Pattern: Simply put the pattern of the dimples on the cover of the golf ball is called dimple pattern. This command is yelled by a golfer with regards to his golf ball in mid air. It refers to the golfer’s ability in full swing.

Lag or Lag Putt: A putt which is meant to stop tantalizingly close to the hole but not expected to be holed is a lag putt.

Last Man Standing: This is another name for ‘Flags’ format, where the winner is the one who progresses farthest round the course by the time he or she finishes with their allotted quota of strokes.

Play It Again, Sam: This refers to another name for No Alibis were the initial handicaps are converted into mulligans. A golfer holing a shot from off the green, wins by default.

Umbrella or Umbrella Game: For teams of two under a foursome format, this is either a golf game or a side bet. All scores on each of those three holes are tabulated and then that score is eliminated from the total score. One of the golf side bets is also called honors.

Flier Lie: When the lie of the ball is on fluffy grass, resulting the ball to pop up more quickly than anticipated, it is a flier lie.

USGA: This is an abbreviation of United States Golf Association.

Tight Lie: A lie where the ball is in a place or spot where there is very little grass below the ball, or the ball is on bare dirt, is called a tight lie.

One Club: This is precisely the meaning of the golf tournament. It is also called the flex point or bend point.

Match Play: A competition format in which the round is played with the aim of winning individual holes.

Inside the Leather: This refers to a measurement employed to determine whether the putt is a gimmie. Buggy is one of the basic golf terms.

Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course. Golf Cart is the term for golf car most widely used in North America.

Windcheater: A shot that is hardly affected by wind, as it has low ball flight and is penetrating.

Sod: It means the grass on the turf and the soil it is rooted in which can be planted as a separate piece on the golf course. It is a scheduled event.

Four Ball: This is played amongst two teams of two members, hence there are four balls played and better ball scoring is used to determine the players.

Mutt and Jeff: The side bet or golf tournament format where the spotlight is on par-3’s and par-5’s only, is called Mutt and Jeff.

Powerball: Sometimes used a synonym for scramble, it actually refers to the fact that the tournament is a scramble, but with a twist.

Overseeding: When the grass is laid on top of grasses already there, for encouraging new growth or for replacing the existing grass for a new season with a different strain, it is called overseeding.

Alternate Shot: This is basically a golf competition format, also called the Foursomes. In case of cities, the cities with a whole gamut of golf courses is a golf town.

Bogey Golfer: A golfer averaging around 90 or a boogie per hole is termed as boogie golfer.

First Cut: Grass that is just besides a closely mowed fairway is called the first cut.

Nassau: Nassau is a very well-known and most popular name for Best Nines.

Nasties: A side bet for any group of golfers, nasties are won by default by a golfer who holes a shot from off the green. It also has a few other specifications like the soil is sandy which is easily drained, rough featuring natural sea side grasses and so on.

Pinehurst (Pinehurst System): This is the same as chapman system which is a 2-person golf tournament format. This is called uphill lie.

Caddie: Caddie is the person who carries the golf bag of a player.

Calcutta: Calcutta refers to a kind of a bid or an auction, where golfers stake claims on the golfer or the team they think will win.

Lip: This has two meanings when it comes to golf terms and golf phrases. The other meaning refers to the edge or rim of the hole or cup.

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Hood – Hooded – Hooding the Club: This is a tricky one. Honey pot refers to a tournament’s prize fund or bonus pool.

Dogleg: The direction of the individual golf hole is termed as dogleg.

Wolf: Wolf is a name for a betting game best played among groups of four players. Blast Out is another name for blast.

Mid Iron: Mid Iron is a vintage counterpart of contemporary 2-iron golf clubs.

INDEX

J

Round: Round refers to the completion of 18 holes of golf. The female scratch golfer can hit her tee shots an average of 210 yards and can reach a 400-yard hole in two shots”.

Putting Cleek: It is primarily a golf club used for putting, which is either shallow faced lofted wooden club or narrow bladed iron clubs. Four player teams play scramble, but the player whose ball is selected for both the shots, cannot play the next stroke.

Push: Push is the opposite of pull. Mulligans, the plural is also a competition format for groups of golfers.

Circle on the Scorecard: This term denotes the custom or the ritual of encircling the birdie score when writing the score on the scorecard.

Hand Wedge: When a golfer breaks the rules by picking up the ball and moves it to a better spot for an easier next stroke, it is called a hand wedge. So for instance a golfer with a handicap of 5 is better than one with a handicap of 20.

Medalist: To put it in least complex words, it means the winner of a medal play or stroke play in any golf tournament.

Hosel:The particular part of a club head wherein a shaft is fixed and secured is called a hosel.

Uglies: It is a side bet played amongst a group of golfers and the value of the uglies is always pre-decided before the round. It also means the score registered by a golfer for those 18 holes.

Reverse Overlap: The most used golf grip for putting which involves holding the club in such a way that the index finger of the top hand is on the top of the fingers of the bottom hand.

Chicago: This is again a golf game format, based on beginning of rounds by golfers with negative points.

Aircraft Carrier: A long, flat and rectangular teeing ground, normally a few feet higher above the level of the turf around, is called an aircraft carrier. It is basically a collection of side bets.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Par is Your Partner: This refers to a rule or stipulation in tournament which restricts a team’s or player’s optimum score on every hole to a net par.

Drive: This is the very first shot on a hole which is hit from the teeing ground.

Skymarks: Scratches developed on the finish of the crown of a driver as a result of hitting skyballs are called skymarks.

Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. Then the best of them is chosen. Here, two-member teams hit the same ball alternately.

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Split Fairway: A single fairway branching out in a couple of different fairways reaching and opening out in the same green is called a split fairway.

Course Handicap: Number that tells golfers the number of strokes they are permitted to take during a handicap round.

Elevated Green: It denotes a green, which is elevated and therefore, it is higher than the area around it.

Shaft: That part of the club which goes all the way uptill the top of a golf club, into the grip till the clubhead is called a shaft.

Bogey Rating: According to the United States Golf Association, bogey rating refers to the evaluation of difficulty level or rating of the golf course with regards to boogie golfers.

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Bogey: Bogey is a score of one or more on par over individual hole.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. This can be a tournament format or a betting game.

Modified Pinehurst: It is a golf format for two player teams. ‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Pivot: During the swing the upper body of a golfer turns and coils a bit. The side to which the hole is cut on the green is the short side.

Effective Playing Length: Effective playing length is the yardage of the golf course and the holes in it but it is adjusted for the terrain. The nicknames of these holes is Amen Corner. For some hooding the club entails pressing the hands forward,that leads to making the club face more upright, which is a way to de-loft the club. Then the ball is played from the spot it has come to rest, without any penalties.

Chip-in: A chip shot that ends up dropping in the hole is called a chip in.

Best Nines: Very commonly called Nassau, it features front nine, back nine and 18-hole scores as separate tournaments or bets.

Las Vegas Scramble: A modification of the original golf format scramble, Las Vegas Scramble uses a 6-sided die.

Lone Ranger: Lone ranger is a tournament format where one player in each four is labeled as the lone ranger. The winner here is the one who has the lowest number of putts.

Clubhead: A part of the golf club which is attached to the end of the shaft is called the club head.

Open Club Face: When the club face is slightly in the clockwise direction inside the swing path, causing the ball to slice, it is called open clubface.

Aces and Deuces: This is a betting game, best suited for groups of four golfers. These are normally the tees starting from where the course is the longest to play.

Fort Lauderdale: This is a synonym for the golf format called scramble.

Hardpan: The areas in rough, fairways, or other areas with an exception of hazards, having hard ground, as a result of compacting of the soil is called hardpan.

Compression: The rating of the density of a golf ball is called a compression.

B

Cross Bunker: This is a kind of a bunker which is positioned in such a way that it runs crossing the line of the play in the fairway.

Golf Terminology for Beginners

Three Club Monte: In a golf tournament where a golfer is allowed to use only three clubs during their round is Three Club Monte. So its like the ball is in jail.

Divot Tool: It is the same as a ball mark tool.

Alignment: It is the position of the hips, shoulders and feet in a proper alignment with each other.

Loop: A circuit around the golf course, that is 18 holes, means a loop.

Driver: One of the standard golf clubs carried by golfers is the driver.

Over Par: It denotes any score, be it for a completed round or for an individual hole, which is above the decided par for that round.

Up and Down: When a golfer just takes a couple of strokes for holing the ball when starting off the green or in a greenside hazard, it is called Up and Down.

Three Blind Mice: This refers to a tournament format, where after the scorecards are given, the organizers of the tournament draw three holes at random from the course which has just ended. They follow this by playing out the hole with these balls.

Honors: A player is having honors refers to the player hitting first from the tee box. This is called a lunch ball. This is best played by partners who have similar level of expertise or golfers who use full handicaps.

Press (or Pressing the Bet): Simply put, it is a second bet, which commences during a round and runs parallel to the original bet.

Claret Jug: Trophy awarded to the winner of the British Open is the ‘Claret Jug’.

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Air Presses: Single hole bets amongst individuals which are put claims on when the ball is in mid air are called air presses.

Line of Putt: After putting, a golfer expects the ball to travel on a particular path. So in short it means the fairways and the rough.

Grass Bunker: This is a depression on the golf course which is filled up with grass instead of sand. Here, players get rotational partners at every 6th hole.

Ambrose Competition: Ambrose Competition is a golf tournament format where every player tees off, the best of them is selected. It is really embarrassing for the golfer as it might appear that he or she does not know how to hit a golf ball.

Triples: This is the name of the competition amongst players in teams of three. In the manner of usage, they are most akin to contemporary wedges.

Ball in Play: This just means that the ball has not been holed and you are still having a go at it.

Stroke: A swing, of any kind, accomplished with the purpose of striking the ball, getting it into play, is termed as stroke.

Cut Line: The score indicating the point of division in a tournament between the golfers who will continue and those who will be cut from the field

Thin or Thin Shot: Sometimes it happens that a ball is struck too high, near the midpoint or perhaps slightly lower. They have varying lofts, with thin and grooved faces.

Preferred Lies: Here on certain parts of a golf course, golfers are permitted to get their lies in a better position sans penalty. In slang, it is called ‘club’.

Advice: Well, this does not have any ‘golf’ connotation. This is also called the skulled shot.

Clubhouse: When the golfers arrive at the golf course, they first head to the club house which contains a small food and drink service.

Double Bogey: A score on an individual hole which is a couple of strokes more than par.

Rabbit: It is again, a side bet,named after the situation where someone runs ahead in a mile off the field, setting the pace. This, however, has a twist. This golf club is located in Augusta, Georgia.

Club Face: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

Blades: These are types of Irons with a full smooth back along with a thin top line.

Die in the Hole: This is one of the important golf words and phrases. In addition to this, a county-owned golf course is also termed as municipal course. Named after great Harry Vardon, this is one of the most well-known golf grips. If you do not include this in golf terms, then the whole glossary of golf terms is useless.

Ballmark Tool: This is a two-pronged tool which is used to repair putting green ball marks. You had a great swing and you are elated. The iron one is similar to modern 1 iron and the wooden resembles today’s 4-wood.

I

Dance Floor: This is a slang term for putting green. A golfer can take advice from his partner, his caddie, and his partner’s caddie as well. It is also called a snapper, duck hook or snap hook.

Quail High: Quail high refers to a very low trajectory shot.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. A machine leads to removal of plugs from the green,which leaves a hole which ensures that the roots get air and moisture.

Pink Lady: Pink Lady is also known as Money Ball, Lone Ranger, Pink Ball or Yellow Ball. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Links: Links, although is a golf terminology used as an alternative to Golf course, it is a particular type of golf course, which is basically built along sea side. That one player has the onus to come through for the team, so he or she is called the lone ranger.

Knife: This is just another word for a one iron.

Reverse Scramble: Scramble is a tournament format where the members of a team tee off and the best is chosen and then,the next shot is taken from that spot. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

C

Casual Water: Temporary accumulation of water on golf course is termed as casual water.

Outside Path: Outside path is that path of the club when the golf club is outside the plane.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. When a golf ball hits this area, it mostly rolls back down in the fairway, so it is called a false front.

Grain: On a golf course, the direction in which the grass, or to be specific every single blade of grass is growing is called the grain.

P

Municipal Course: When a golf course owned by a city has to be indicated, it is called a municipal golf course. Hacker is a bit stronger player than a duffer.

Halve or Halved: To indicate that a hole or match is tied, the term halved is used.

Committee: It refers to the rules committee or the local committee which lays down the basic rules of golf.

Contour: It refers to the undulations in a putting green.

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Bridge: It is a golf game requiring accurate interpretation of your golf skills and limitations.

Kick: Kick is a golfing terminology used interchangeably with golf phrase ‘bounce’, like bouncing ball. These are not counted as hazards according to the golf rules.

Up: This is the distance to the hole from a specific spot.

Bermudagrass: In the tropical and warm climates, this is the most common turf used by courses.

Shazam: It is a golf bet and an exclusively putting oriented bet at that. It is also a side bet where there is a competition involving groups of four, like in Foursomes or in a fourball.

One-Putt: Top hole the ball, when just a single or one putt is taken, it is called one putt.

Line of Play: The direction a golfer wants his ball to travel and a distance good enough on both sides of that desired direction is called the line of play.

Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Appearances: The side teeing off first on each hole is considered to be an honor and there is a golf side bet according to these criteria. One plays the other’s drive and vice versa.

Marshal: Just like we say marshaling the resources, marshal in golf is a person who manages the crowd and patrols a golf course, while keeping a steady pace of the play. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Punch or Punch Shot: A golf shot, that is fashioned to fly lower than normal.

Downswing: It is a part of the golf swing occurring between the end of the back swing and the point of connection with the golf ball.

Range Rat: A golfer or aspiring golfer who spends most of his time at the driving range and loves to hone his golfing skills is called a range rat.

Topped Shot or Top: Such a shot where the golfer almost swings over the ball and the point of contact between the ball and the club is near the crown of the golf ball.

Push Slice: This is similar to push, where the ball starts moving right of the target and then bends or curves even more.

Waggle: You could call this as a warm up of sorts for the golf club. Foot wedge, is specifically speaking a condition when a golfer kicks his ball or probably nudges the ball in a slightly convenient position for the next shot.

Even/Even Par: A score which matches par for a round or a hole is called even.

Trailing Edge: The part of a golf club which is at the extreme back of its sole.

Round Robin: It denotes a game of golf played best when there are groups of four golfers. This is called appearances.

Center of Gravity: The point located in the head of the golf club, where it would be perfectly balanced is called the center of gravity.

Pro Shop: This is either at the golf course, in the clubhouse where the golfers pay the green fees and golf merchandise is for sale; or a separate entity or to be more specific, business selling only golf merchandise.

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Water Hole: When a hole on the golf course features water, which is in a position that it compels the golfer to play over it for the completion of a hole, it is called a water hole.

Bore-Through: A bore through is termed to the situation where the shaft goes in the club head, penetrating till the sole of the club.

Disaster: It is a points game where the winner is the one who has collected the minimum points as points are given for bad shots.

Pull Hook: This is a ball flight in which the ball initially moves left of the target and curves and bends even sharply.

Peoria System: A one day handicapping system where majority of golfers are not given actual handicap indexes. In other sense, it is a synonym for Barkies or Woddies and Arnies.

Stableford: This is a format of the golf tournament where the aim is to achieve the highest score. Those who swear by these golf clubs, say that they provide accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

Ball Striker: Each golfer is a ball striker. The winner is decided after this final score.

Barranca: Barranca is a term used to describe a dry pitch, ravine or gully which is filled with rocks.

Handicap Differential: This is numeral used to calculate handicap index.

Texas Scramble:Teas scramble is different from original in the sense that it has a condition that at least four drives of every member of a team should be used in the course of a round.

Golf Club without Real Estate: It refers to a golf club sans a home golf course, having a collection of golfers and friends playing together regularly.

Back Tees: The tees at the extreme rear of a golf course are the back tees.

Yank: A shot which severely swerves in the left direction of the target line in connection with a right-handed player is called a yank.

Yellow Ball: Yellow Ball is just a different word for Lone Ranger or Pink Ball or Money Ball.

Uphill Lie: There are times when a ball stops moving on an uphill slope which is towards the target. In this grip, the little finger (of the hand placed lower on the club) is placed between the index and middle finger of the lead (placed higher on the club). Then the ball is hit once again from the same spot. It happens because the clubhead slips below the teed ball.

Bump and Run: Usually played from approximately the same distance you would possibly play a pitch shot, bump and run is an approach shot to the green.

The Train: This is a betting game best played in groups where points are given for good shots. It is either a match play tournament or betting game.. This is a must know amongst the terms in golf terms glossary.

Quota Tournament: Quota Tournament is a game which has a structure similar to Chicago. The word tract is sometimes used to denote track, but track is the correct word.

Trouble: The game in which the ultimate winner is the one who has collected the least number of points at the end of a round because the bad shots are awarded with points. This is one of the most basic golf terms.

All Square: All square refers to a tied match as a result of the tied scores between the players. The small movements of the clubhead back and forth just before grounding the club to get that right momentum for the right swing is called a waggle.

Warm-Season Grasses: The grasses who thrive and experience maximum growth in warmer weather are called warm season grasses.

Golf Swing or Swing: Swing is to go through the stroke or a considerable jump in a score.

Bounce: The measurement of the angle (in degrees) from the front edge of the sole of a club till the point actually resting on the ground on the spot of address is called bounce.

Postage stamp: A green having a particularly small surface are indicating or posing a demanding target.

Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

Club: Golf club, the term is used to denote the tool used to strike the golf ball, or a golfing facility or golf course and finally an association or a group of golfers.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

Modified Stableford: A golf format, which is a modification of the original format called Stableford. Basically a stadium golf course will have greens giving something like an amphitheater effect.

Signature Hole: It is mostly a marketing gimmick used by golf courses to entice golfers. It starts moving in the left of the target, eventually bending very sharply back to the right of the particular target. Here an individual golfer or a team can compare scores on their scorecard, while choosing the lower of two scores, leading to 9-hole total score.

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Vardon Grip: This is another name for the overlapping grip. It means the same as it generally means. The aim is to gain highest number of points in a round, but there is a catch. It is less than par.

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Aeration: Aeration basically is a golf terminology hinting towards the aeration of soil. ‘Away’ player plays first.

Square Face: The position of the clubface in relation to the line of target at the moment of contact where the club strikes the ball is called a square.

Eliminator: This is basically a tournament format for teams with 4 members. This continues till the ball gets holed. The crux of a redan is greens and green complex. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Progressive Offset: The quantity or amount of offset which changes from club to club, throughout the sets, especially iron sets, is called progressive offset.

Gruesomes: This is more common as a betting game, but also serves as team formats sometimes where there are 2-member teams.

Double Cut (or Double Cut Green) Double cut refers to mowing of the green which has been done twice.

Backweight: Any weight attached to the back of the head of golf club is referred to a back weight.

2-Man No Scotch: A golf tournament format, in 2-Man No Scotch, the members of a team tee off. So he or she is ‘in the bucket.’

Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Alternate Fairway: A golf hole offering two fairways is referred to as having an alternate fairway.

These terms will help the beginners to know more on golf and will be a kind of beginners guide to golf.

Trap: A bunker in other words is called a trap. This could include golf tips and related things.

Gap Wedge: Gap wedge is a golf terminology for a golf club with high loft which provides more accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

Ball Washer: A device normally kept besides tee boxes to clean the golf balls is called a ball washer.

Utility Wood: This is a kind of fairway wood, having varied lofts sole or head shape and has some characteristics similar or related to irons.

Forecaddie: He is the one who does not carry the golf clubs, instead he keeps a group of players moving by telling them individually where his or her ball is.

Strike Three: This is a betting game or a tournament format. When used with regards to a PGA tour, sand save percentage, a statistical category implies to a player getting up and down out of a green side bunker.

Course: Of course, it is the golf course, but according to the technical definition, it also means the whole area where play is permitted. It is played amongst 2, 3 or 4 member teams .When it is played amongst 2 member teams, it called ‘Best Ball’.

Redan/Redan Hole: Redan hole is one of the most copied golf courses across the globe. That is called pivot.

Under Par: Under par simply means not up to the par. Basically it involves the use of string by players to get the ball out of the rough or a bunker.

Slice: Slice is the ball trajectory in which the ball bends towards outside, sharply in connection with the swing.

Center Cut: This term is used to denote the golf shots which are well struck and which traveled very nicely down the middle.

Tee Time: The scheduled, decided time for a particular group or team to begin their round is referred to Tee Time.

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Utility Wedge: This is a kind of a lofted wedge which is different from sand wedge or pitching wedge in either loft and sole aspects or both.

Bunker: Filled in with sand, bunker is either a hole or depression and is categorized as a hazard.

Pitching Niblick: Primarily a historical golf club, with a short wooden shaft, which lead to it being an obvious choice for short approaches and chipping. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

GHIN An acronym for Golf Handicap and Information Network, GHIN is a service by the USGA allowing golfers and golf clubs to access and post information electronically. Then they select the better scores made on each hole and after adding up, whoever has the lowest score wins.

Holed: This is the situation where the ball is at rest in the cup and it is below the lip of the hole. In this format, both players from each side tee off and then they exchange the golf balls. For example, if there are 18 groups of 4 in a tournament, each hole on the golf course will be the starting hole for all the different groups.

Muscleback: Iron with a full back of the clubhead, rather than a cavity back iron is called muscleback.

Apron: The area which is neatly moved, especially around the putting green and between the putting surface and any kind of undulated ground surrounding the putting green is called apron.

Target Line: This term describes the line from the ball to its target, or just simply, line of play.

Swing Speed: The speed of the swing of a golfer’s club which is defined by the speed of the club head at the point of impact with the ball.

Flier: A shot which travels a distance not needed, which often leads the golfer to overshoot the target considerably is called a flier.

Approach Wedge: Another name for gap wedge, approach wedge is a name for a golf club which has a high loft. It is meant to putt or roll the ball on ground.

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Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. It is also called a tester.

Hog: This is a betting game, akin to Defender, but has an added twist.

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Out: Out in golf terminology is another name for away.

Flush: This is one of the golfing terms all the golfers yearn to hear. The first means that around two inches above the level of sand, in a bunker, there is a rim of sod. Here, the members of each team play their individual golf ball for individual scores and two of those in combination make up the score of team on every hole.

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Front Nine: The first nine holes of a golf course are the front nine holes of the golf course. Ben Hogan is a golf hall of fame player.

Scramble: Primarily a very popular golf tournament format, scramble is played with either 4-person teams or 2-person teams. While the golfer is struggling with his shots, it is called bleeding.

Auto Win: In the situation where holes are automatically won by player wanting to achieve either of these three – chip-in from off the green, sticking in an approach in the flagstick from 150 yards or more and any par 3, is an auto win.

Big Dog: This is a slang for a ‘driver’.

Driving Range: Just like a shooting range where you practice shooting, driving range is a practice facility found at almost all golf courses.

Cart Path: The designated route or the route exclusively to be followed by carts is the cart path.

Stymie: A vintage aspect of golf, which was a part of singles match play till 1952, after which it was removed from the Rules of Golf. This is for a right-handed golfer.

Cart Jockey: They are the caretakers of the course’s fleet of golf carts.

Executive Course: A golf course which mainly has par 3 and relatively short par 4 holes is called an executive course..

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The Tips: This is a slang term for championship tees or back tees on a particular golf course. It also refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid air.

Closed Club Face: When the clubface is rotated slightly counterclockwise in the swing path, which can cause the ball to hook, it is called clubface.

Coring: The method through which golf course is aerated is called coring. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

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Sweet Spot: It is the exact and perfect spot on the clubface, where the impact is the best one could have on the ball.

Murphy: It is a kind of bet which can be invoked or initiated by a golfer chipping to the green. This is for a right-handed golfer. It is also called the ‘Divot Tool’.

Aim: The correct position of shoulders, knees and hips, in alignment, in one direction and normally at 90 degree angle is termed as Aim.

Perimeter Weighting: The distribution of weight in a clubhead, in very uniform manner around the club by adding more weight to the heel, sole and toe.

Work the Ball: In short, manipulating a ball, and to purposefully curve or shape a shot is called ‘to work the ball’.

Split Tees: In the condition where half of the field in a golf tournament begins at the tee which is number 1 and the other half begins on the tee no.10.

Push: Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Downhill Lie: The angle which is caused by a golf ball placed on a sloping hill, mostly downward.

Water Hazard: Any kind of open water source, from lakes to streams to ocean to sea or even drainage ditches on the course are termed as water hazard

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